The Taliban is an Islamic fundamentalist group that was based in Afghanistan. It provided refuge to Osama Bin Laden and the Al-Qaeda after the September 11, 2001 attacks. The regime was toppled by the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001. They regrouped across the border of Pakistan under the leadership of Mullah Omar who leads an insurgent movement against the government in Kabul.[1]


[1] Retrieved from: http://www.cfr.org/afghanistan/taliban-afghanistan/p10551 , Date of Access: December 31, 2015.