Name of Organization

Lashkar-e-Balochistan (LeB)


Lashkar-e-Balochistan is a militant and separatist group based in Pakistan’s Balochistan province that was formed in the year 2009[1]. No information is available about the initial formation of the group.


Leader: Javed Mengal


Javed Mengal allegedly heads Lashkar-e-Balochistan from London while in exile[2]. He is Nawab Khair Baksh Marri’s son-in-law and politician Akhtar Mengal’s brother.



Bahawal Mengal

Abdul Qadir Qalmiti identified Bahawal Mengal as leader of Lashkar-e-Balochistan who resides in London.[3] The members of Lashkar-e-Balochistan operate according to instructions of Bahawal Mengal.[4]


Spokesperson: Khan Baloch[5]


School of thought/ Classification


Baloch-Nationalism is a movement of Baloch, the ethno-linguistic group of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran.[7] It aims to unite Baloch and fight for freedom of the province free from the influence of these countries.[8]


Lashkar-e-Balochistan fights for the freedom of Balochistan Province from Pakistan using arms. The group shares grievances with the Pakistani state and army for political repression over the years, alleged extra-judicial killings, ignoring Balochistan’s developmental needs and exploitation of its natural resources. They also oppose the active interest shown in their region by International powers such as China[9]. The group believes in making political statements through armed action; it has criticized its fellow separatist group Baloch Liberation Army (BLA) for being ‘more active on social media than on the battle ground[10]’. Since LeB does not recognize the Pakistani state, it opposes all forms of governmental polls in the province of Balochistan[11].


No information is available about the framework of this organization.

Financial resources


A source confirms that Bahawal Mengal, leader of Lashkar-e-Balochistan, is involved in funding terrorism.[12] No further information is available about the group’s financial resources.

Recruitment tools & demographics

The BSO-A is a movement that actively recruits youth members into the Baloch separatist movement. The youth of Balochistan are attracted to the struggle’s central premise of building an independent national identity and fighting against the perceived injustices and oppression of the Pakistani state and the army. There have already been four waves of uprisings since Pakistan’s inception in 1947; the BSO-A is a part of the fifth[13] one, which is currently under way. It is also engaging youth through social media forums.

Connections & linkages

No information is available about linkages of Lashkar-e-Balochistan with any other organization.

Areas of Operation

Central Balochistan[14]

Karachi and Interior Sindh[15]


Offline Tools

Not known

Online Tools


Lashkar-e-Balochistan Facebook page



Not available



Name Variations

Baluchistan Army


Lashkar-e-Balochistan was proscribed by the Government of Pakistan’s Ministry of Interior on the 8th of September 2010.[16] The Commander



According to news sources Ubaidullah alias Beebarg, commander of Lashkar-e-Balochistan, along with a group of insurgents surrendered and are provided amnesty by government of Pakistan.[17] Lashkar-e-Balochistan organization confirms through social media that Ubaidullah has no affiliation with Lashkar-e-Balochistan.


This source is no more accessible online.

Who they are

Lashkar-e-Balochistan is one of the armed militant groups who are currently active in Balochistan and are fighting for the independence of their province from Pakistan. The group has alleged linkages with Balochistan’s Mengal tribe[19]. Members of the Lashkar-e-Balochistan consider the Pakistani state, intelligence and army’s presence and policies in Balochistan to have been repressive and exploitative[20].

They have targeted the convoys of Pakistani army’s Frontier Corps (FC)[21].

They want the oil and gas exploration companies such as the Bolan Mining Company and others working on the Reko Diq, Saindak and Chamalang projects in Balochistan to quit their activities as they consider them it to be an act of ‘looting[22]’.


As with other militant Balochi-nationalist groups, Lashkar-e-Balochistan’s history can be traced back to the Baloch-Nationalist struggle that has continued to persist since 1948, when Balochistan’s Khan of Kalat acceded his state to newly formed state of Pakistan[23]. There was widespread resentment from the local Balochs, many of whom did not agree with the idea of Pakistan, and feared marginalization and Punjabi dominance. There have been four local rebellions since; BSO-A constitutes the fifth one in a series that has claimed hundreds of Pakistani soldiers and at least 5000 Baloch.

In April 2012, the group claimed responsibility for a ‘retaliatory’ terrorist attack on the Lahore Railway Station[24] in which at least two individuals were killed and forty others were injured. According to members of the group, the attack was allegedly carried out as a response to the killings of Baloch people by Pakistan’s law enforcing apparatus. The group also claimed responsibility for the bomb blast outside the Chinese Consulate in July 2012 in Karachi[25].

Organization’s Message

Not available

Target Audience

Lashkar-e-Balochistan is propagating their agenda through social media platforms to target youth.


Online Tools


The following Facebook page posts material that supports Lashkar-e-Balochistan’s cause. However, it cannot be ascertained whether the page is the group’s official page or not:










Splinter Groups

Not available.


Nawab Khair Baksh Marri

Nawab Khair Baksh Marri was a Baloch nationalist leader and led a Baloch separatist organization, Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA).[29]

Akhtar Mengal

Akhtar Mengal is a Balochi politician, former chief minister and the current president of the Balochistan National Party-Mengal (BNP-M)[30]

Abdul Qadir Qalmiti

Abdul Qadir Qalmiti alias Raketi[31] is an activist of Lashkar-e-Balochistan was arrested while planting a bomb at police headquarters[32].


[1] Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium, ‘Lashkar-e-Balochistan’. Retrieved from:

[2] Zahra-Malik, Mehreen, ‘Sardars to the sarkar’s rescue’, The News. Retrieved from:

[3] Tariq Habib, (April 4, 2011). ‘Lashkar-e-Balochistan activist’ arrested. Pakistan Today. Retrieved from:

[4] Ibid.3

[5] (April 25, 2012). ‘We did Lahore Station blast’. Saach Tv. Retrieved from:

[6] Ibid.3

[7] Breseeg, Taj. M. (2004). Baloch Nationalism: Its Origin and Development. Royal Book Company.

[8]Ethnic Nationalism in Pakistan: A Case Study of Baloch Nationalism during Musharraf Regime, Muhammad Ijaz Laif Muhammad Amir Hamza, , accessed on 7th July 2015, retrieved from

[9] (July 24, 2012). “Baloch militants explode ‘dire warning’”. Pakistan Today. Retrieved from:

[10] Syed Ali, Naziha, ‘Situationer: The who’s who of Baloch insurgency’. Dawn. June 1st 2015. Retrieved from:

[11] ‘Authorities determined to ensure peaceful polls in Balochistan’. Zee News India. 5th May 2013. Retrieved from:

[12] Faraz, Khan. (April 4, 2011). Arrested in the Act: ‘Militant’ caught planting bomb at police headquarters. The Express Tribune. Retrieved from:

[13] Ibid.2

[14] Ibid.7

[15] Ibid.9

[16] GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN, NATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT CELL MINISTRY OF INTERIOR List of terrorists organizations, accessed on July 7, 2015, retrieved from

[17] (June 14, 2015). Another 59 Baloch militants surrender. DAWN. Retrieved from:

[19] Zurutuza, Karlos, ‘Understanding Pakistan’s Baloch Insurgency’. The Diplomat. June 24th 2015. Retrieved from:

[20] Zurutuza, Karlos, ‘Meeting Pakistan’s Other Insurgents’. The Diplomat. October 2nd 2009. Retrieved from:

[21] Chakar Baloch. (July 7, 2015). Lashkar-e-Balochistan (LB) fighters target Pakistani forces with IED. YouTube. Retrieved from:

[22] ‘Oil, gas Cos warned to quite Balochistan’. The Nation. May 1st 2010. Retrieved from: 

[23] Tahir, Madiha, ‘Balochistan: Pakistan’s broken mirror’. 25th March, 2010. Retrieved from:

[24] ‘Lashkar-e-Balochistan claim responsibility for Lahore blast’, The News Tribe, April 24th 2012. Retrieved from:

[25] Ibid.6

[26] Ibid.15

[27] Ibid.15

[28] Ibid.16

[29] June 11, 2014. Baloch Nationalist leader Khair Baksh Marri passes away. DAWN. Retrieved from:

[30] Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP), ‘Balochistan: Giving the people a chance’. Retrieved from:

[31] Ibid.9

[32] Ibid.3